An A to Z Glossary of Terms Commonly Used in Herbal Medicine - P - S

An A to Z Glossary of Terms Commonly Used in Herbal Medicine

P - S


These herbs destroy parasites (see also germicide, antiparasitic).





Practitioners prescribe these herbs to induce and promote labour.


Examples are barley, pippali.




Affecting the area of the chest and lungs, relieving problems in these areas.




A preparation in the form of a cone or cylinder to be inserted into the vagina.




Herbs that are prepared in a special way and applied to the surface of the body as a remedy for certain disorders.




Irritating or sharp. Producing a sharp sensation of taste or smell.




These herbs are usually used to relieve severe constipation. Any substance that promotes the vigorous evacuation of the bowels.


Examples are aloe, epsom salts, licorice, rhubarb, safflower, senna.




These herbs are sleep promoting; they also allay excitement and produce relaxation.



Sialagogue: Promotes the flow of saliva.


Examples are arka, black pepper, chitrak, ginger, licorice.




Similar to sedatives - these herbs help to produce sleep.




Causing muscle to contract.




These herbs stimulate and increase the activity or efficiency of a system or organ. They act more rapidly than a tonic.


Examples are cayenne, camphor, ephedra, barberry extract, yellow thistle juice, sandalwood, gotu kola, guggul and myrrh.




Practitioners prescribe these herbs to give strength and tone to the stomach, stimulate digestion, and improve the appetite.


Examples are amalaki, bilwa, black pepper, cardamom, cedar, chitrak, cumin, ginger, licorice and turmeric.




The same as an astringent: Practitioners use these herbs to stop haemorrhage and excessive bleeding. They cause blood vessels to contract or coagulation of the albuminous tissues of the blood.


Examples are adrenaline and alum.



Sudorific: These herbs cause heavy perspiration.




A preparation in the form of a cone or cylinder to be inserted into the rectum.


A      BC      D      E      FL      MO      PS      T-Z
Our ability to focus may falter after eating one meal high in saturated fat

Our ability to focus may falter after eating one meal high in saturated fat

New research, published in the American Journal of Clinical
Nutrition has revealed that eating just one meal in high in ...

Certain environmental chemicals linked with poor kidney health

COVID-19: Managing mental health with yoga

Where stress lives

Where stress lives

Researchers at Yale have discovered a neural home of the
feeling of stress. This insight may help people to deal with the

New and diverse experiences linked to enhanced happiness, new study shows

Middle Age May Be Much More Stressful Now Than in the '90s


A new study has suggested that meeting physical activity recommendations may marginally ameliorate the association between television viewing and the risk of cardiovascular disease.

A new study has shown that patients with osteoarthritis (OA) who were treated with tramadol had a significantly higher mortality risk during the first year of treatment when compared with patients treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

A new study has revealed a link between dementia and repetitive negative thinking (RNT).

A research team, led by ETH Professors Mescher and De Moraes, have discovered that bumblebees have a unique behaviour which may help to overcome such challenges. Bumblebee workers have been found to use their mouth parts to pinch the leaves of plants that are yet to flower – the damage this causes stimulates the plant to produce new flowers and bloom earlier.

The COMPLEMENTARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (The CMA) © 2012. No part of this site may be reproduced without the express permission of The Complementary Medical Association. If used without prior consent a charge of US $1,000 per article, or mini section is paid (US $50 per word (minimum) will be charged. This is not meant to reflect a commercial rate for the content, but as a punitive cost and to reimburse The CMA for legal fees and time costs). Use of the contents, without permission will be taken as consent to bill the illegal user in full.